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Your Legal Rights as a Parent

Author: Anna Martin - Updated: 6 March 2015 | commentsComment
Parent Child Parent With Care Non

Losing full-time contact with a child is a difficult and painful outcome of any separation or divorce. The parent who retains day-to-day care of the child may not experience as much separation anxiety as the non resident parent, but they will however become more financially minded.

Maintenance payments from the non resident parent will help ease the financial pressure of raising a child, but unless parents agree to shared care or regular access and visits there may be other problems to overcome too.

Parenting Plan

A custody court order will include a parenting plan or visitation schedule which parents must adhere to. This plan is more likely to affect, and/or restrict, the non resident parent, particularly if the parents are not able to communicate effectively. Understanding and accepting that there will be imposed changes that will affect a non resident parent’s relationship with their child in some way, may enable the parent to consider expressing views openly prior to the custody order being finalised.

Many parents are able to make private arrangements that put the child’s rights and needs first. Joint custody or shared care will enable both parents to have regular contact with their child, and to contribute equally to the emotional, physical and financial aspects of child raising.

Making Modifications

A non resident parent may have a court order but may still experience problems enforcing it. Being flexible about re-arranging a visit keeps communication open. However, the parent with care must acknowledge the non resident parent’s rights.

If problems persist, threatening to withhold child support is not a good idea. If a parent has to go to court to enforce visitation any threats to stop child support payments will be held against them. Modifying maintenance is only acceptable if the parent with care has an increase in income whilst the non resident parent’s income has decreased, or a parent’s expenses have increased considerably through illness etc.

Parent And Child Rights

On the whole, the law allows parents to bring up their children in accordance with their own beliefs and values. This gives parents the right to make decisions about the child’s upbringing, provided the child’s well-being is never put at risk. Parents must accept that wanting their own way however, is not the same thing as exercising a right. Although parents have the right to set limits they do not have the right to enforce views.

A parent has the right to determine their child’s name, religion, form of education and healthcare. They also have the right to accompany the child outside the UK and agree on emigration issues. Parents who have a joint custody agreement share rights and parental responsibilities. If the child’s parents are divorced, however, the mother generally has charge of parental responsibility, although the father’s opinions can be expressed and documented.

A child’s rights state that a parent must ensure their child is safe from harm, has somewhere to live, has food, clothing, medical care and education and is financially supported.

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@aliki - I'm going to direct you to one of our partner sites which should answer your question, called, Naming Children's Guardians in Your Will, link here. I hope this helps.
ChildSupportLaws - 5-Mar-15 @ 11:57 AM
Hi. My 5 year old son is pernamently under my care. He doesn't see his,dad at all as dad is not interested. My son's,dad took me court some time ago claiming I didn't let him see his child (that wasn't true). Court decided not to give any order as father wasn't committed to have regular contact with his Child. My son doesn't even remember his father as he meet him few times,only. We were never married. The worry I got is that I don't know what rights his father got over my son. What happened if something happened to me. Is,my family( my mum) have any rights over my son. Do I have to go to court to do smth about this situation. Also my son got only polish passport his dad become brutish some time ago and I would like my son to have British passport too. I don't really know how to start This process. My exs name is on birth certificate. Pls what is the best way to protect stability and safety of my child.
aliki - 4-Mar-15 @ 9:51 PM
@Charlie - Have you asked your son and daughter where they would like to live? Your daughter is entitled to make up her own mind and now your son is 14, he will be entitled to have his opinion too. So, if they are in agreement with wanting to live with you, then it is perhaps best to take it back to the courts if you want this to be made official.
Bella - 2-Mar-15 @ 10:57 AM
@Chappo - I think should you wish to have her overnight that you would have to apply through the courts if your ex is not in agreement. You will probably be asked to attend mediation first in order that things can be sorted out between you. It's whether you want to rock the boat or not, or stick with thigs as they are and perhaps when she is a bit older your ex may change her mind. It might also be worth asking her straight out why she doesn't want you to have her over and whether she can justify her reasons.
Sean - 27-Feb-15 @ 1:52 PM
After a divorce 6 years ago a court order was agreed with the children, now 14 and 16, to live with their mother in a new house 5 minutes away. I have them to 2.5 days a week without fail and have paid the full designated maintenance every month without fail. Now the kids are older and both parents are working I'd like joint custody as I feel I'm almost paying for them not to be here with me, whilst paying my ex's mortgage, who now has a partner living at the house. Whilst this is partly about money it's also an important time in my son's (14) life who I think needs a little more direction, structure etc.
Charlie - 26-Feb-15 @ 4:18 PM
Hi I see my daughter for a hour and half Wednesday and pick her up from school every Friday and keep her until my ex comes home at six and pick her up at 8 15 Saturday morning as she will not allow her to stay with me but does not mind her coming all day she said it is because my daughter does not sleep on her own that's why she can't stay but she lets my daughter stay at her grandadsand other family members overnight we have been split 13 months now and I have been with my new partner 10 month and lived with her for 5months and my daughter has been coming round here for 3 months
Chappo - 25-Feb-15 @ 7:18 PM
Hi I have full custody of my daughter of 5 years old legally by court order,can I still ask my ex to give me permission to travel to Paris with my daughter for her 5 year birthday surprise?Please I really need a clear understanding on this,thank you.
lilian - 4-Feb-15 @ 11:48 PM
@loosey - if you have parental responsibility then your daughter can stay with you if you don't wish to take her back. Your ex would have to take it to court - but it could make things much worse if you take this approach and may end up with the police being involved. It would be better if you sat down with her and talked it though or requested mediation. Or perhaps you could begin by having your daughter a couple more nights than usual. Has your daughter broached it to her mum and if so what did she say? It seems to me that you'll have to tread carefully here, but it would be much better if you could agree mutually and for it to seem like your daughter shouldn't have to choose.
Lee - 3-Feb-15 @ 3:15 PM
My wife and I split last May. we have two kids aged ten and six. My wife moved to another town twenty miles away and moved the children's schools also. She did this without my permission but as she had accused me of assaulting her to the police I could not prevent this from happening. However this issue is now resolved and as I have seen my children fairly regularly i have had no issues until recently whenmy ten year old daughter has requested that she wants to come and live with me and return to her old school. she says her house is not nice (damp) and her mum constantly goes out leaving her being babysat by her older brother. She broke down last weekend begging me not to take her back and it broke my heart to do so. what are my rights as an extremely concerned father??
loosey - 2-Feb-15 @ 3:02 PM
My ex has said she doesn't want my daughter to live with her any more. My daughter is 8 and I would love her to live with me. I am in abu dhabi with my new wife who is very supportiveof my daughters pending arrival. What do I have to do to prevent my ex allowing my daughter to come one day then changing her mind the next and screaming kidnap. Basically how do I become the legal resident parent? Many thanks in advance.
chamb7914 - 23-Jan-15 @ 4:23 AM
My husband is the father of our 2 children, we spilt yesterday, and they want to stay with me. I have managed to get back in our private rented house with the girls, he left yesterday and on the same day he asked if he could pick the girls up tomoro, so my daughter can have her b day party at nannies. Nannie and bampi have only just come back into their lives as i called them, otherwise their son would be homeless, i didnt want that, my husbands family were cut off through my husbands own choice, now their all playing happily family and suddenly everythings my fault. I dont want to let the girls go yet til i know that i have the main rights of my children, as im scared they will all decide to keep my children there with them, my husband and i were threatened twice by his mother when we were together, that she would try and take the children from us, i will not stop him or his family seeing the children once i get a court order, i just dont want my children whisked from under my feet, can they do that to me?
tasha - 11-Jan-15 @ 12:03 PM
@Feefee - this is understandably a tricky situation you have found yourself in and one that I think you would be better to talk to someone personally who can give you some direct and constructive advice. I have included the Family Lives website here here. The fact that you have moved away from the area where your children are schooled puts you in a difficult position as courts won't want to disrupt their stable environment. The longer they are with him the more he will be able to say they are 'settled' where they are. I sympathise with how powerless you feel, and it's not as if he is doing anything untoward, in theory he is just making it easier for them to stay in their local school and should you have wanted to move them you would have had to apply for his consent anyway. So, I think it is best that you put some form of plan together in order to get the equilibrium you need again.
ChildSupportLaws - 9-Jan-15 @ 10:16 AM
Just reread that. Its not about money but i don't want to move again but if they stop my rent ill have to once more. And to a smaller place where there'd be no room for the children. All i want is my kids back. And im happy (and welcome it) for them to spend time with him. He's just hellbent on getting at me Feefee
Feefee - 8-Jan-15 @ 12:30 PM
Hi. I am a lady who has separated from my 5 and 9 year olds' father for 2 years. I am on benefits and he has a decorating firm and does well financially. Since i met my new boyfriend who works and stays with me half the week he's trying to destroy me. The father and i shared the upbringing of our daughters with me having them the majority of the time. Due to circumstances beyond my control I have had to move several times so for the sake of the children and he's had them stay with him more of late. We agreed this is because he has a car and can drive them to school before work and pick them up easier than me making the two bus, hour and a half journey each way twice a day. I could have moved them to school locally but thought they had had enough upheaval with me so agreed till i was settled. He asked for parental responsibility and i had no problem granting it as ive never been obstructive and he said "he may need to take them to the doctor or hospital or something". Now, im settled and wish to return to our previous agreement he's insisting they will remain majority with him - knowing full well that this means i wont get the child benefit and which will mean im no longer entitled to any rent for a room for the kids as they "live with him". I dont know which way to turn. I dont want them to stop seeing them but i want our equilibrium back. Can he effectively hijack the kids? Have i any rights? Who can i turn to without social services getting involved as i dont want to stress the kids at all. Can I get courts to get my kids back for me? Im at the end of my tether with all his manipulation. Any help gratefully accepted Feefee
Feefee - 8-Jan-15 @ 12:24 PM
@Lilyson - yes you must address this right away. Our partner article When Your Ex-Partner Denies You Access link heremight help you kick-start the process. You will need to fill in the contact form c100 which you can find via the gov.uk link here . I hope this helps. Should you need any other advice we also have a Separated Dads Facebook page which you may be interested in that offers advice and support from parents in similar situations to yourself.
ChildSupportLaws - 7-Jan-15 @ 10:24 AM
My ex has just stopped me seeing my 6 year old twins. After 5 years of seeing them at weekends she says now I can only have them once a month. Is this legal. Is there anything I can do
Lilyson - 6-Jan-15 @ 5:43 PM
@Lloyd - if you are on good terms, have you sat down and discussed this with your ex? Is it something that might benefit from mediation? If your son says he is unhappy then it is something that would be better voiced and worked around for the benefit of the child jointly, rather than going straight for a court order. But, tread carefully, given that she is the main carer, it could lead to your ex thinking you are trying to destroy her relationship with the child and that could backfire on you and she could limit access. Also, sometimes children say they are unhappy in order to please the other parent because they are unhappy about the separation from them, so that is another area to tread carefully in. The most important thing is to maintain close contact with your child and work towards building a healthy and happy relationship.
Andy - 4-Nov-14 @ 11:49 AM
Please can anyone advise me what to do i have an 8 year old son with my wife we split 5 years ago and my son is very unhappy and doesn't want to stay with her i need to know what i can do to have him live with me she wants me to take him as she can not control him so what do i need to do get full custody of him we have a court order to say she has residency of him and i visits every other week but this has become every week
lloyd - 3-Nov-14 @ 4:14 PM
Hi, We are about to be separated and I would like to have a 50% custody over my children.We both work and share same time with the children on day to day bases. Is there any reason why this should not be granted? Thanks
John - 7-Sep-14 @ 3:37 PM
I have custody of my 5 year old, but yet when I want to change when she goes to school that she does not go to her fathers during the week he starts yelling at me and keeps saying that he will take me to court. He still dictates to me when he wants to see her can he do that? He sign custody to me in the divorce.
Rebecca - 22-Aug-14 @ 9:26 PM
I wasn't with the father of my daughter very long, but he wanted to have a relationship with her, when she was both he came to my house to see her, then started making excuses, hangover, work ect, I started letting him take her out, she came back smelling of smoke and scratch marks on her at (3months old) when I argued with him about it he chose not to see her! 4months later, he got back in touch asking to see her! I agreed, but only if I was there to, he was only seeing her once a week for an hour or so, then he ask to take her to his mates, I said no for the fact his daughter still hadn't build a good trustworthy relationship, he then said he could see her because he had his head down the toilet, I wasn't happy, another argument, he chose not to see her again! It has been 6months now and he wants to see her again! Saying he wasn't in a good place on drugs, lost his house, job ect, I believe he has had all his chances now! Don't think it's right coming in and out of her live when it suits him! Just want out daughter to decide when she is old enough, could he still be able to come into her life if he took me to court, I am a single parent haven't had a penny from him and work 16hours, would I get legel aid if this happens
Lulu - 20-Aug-14 @ 9:38 AM
Hi I have be seperated from my wife since Feb 2014 have had shared access with my three children she is pregnant wth her new partner and has informed me that she is moveing away to live and that I can only see them every other weekend any the children do not want to move schools and I dont know anything about this other man any advice
Insie - 10-Jul-14 @ 1:43 PM
Himy great grandson 2was taken by his dad as he got a court order on the sly he had kept calling police when they arqued and his mother called social services they said he should stay athis dads mums with him we think they have friends in social services another baby duee any time he says they are paying his court fees and finding him a place to live he agreed yesterday in court with layers presant he would let her see her son today and then today said she couldn't this is mentalcrualtybut social services have not listened to her and neighbours have heard him winding her up her mum broke having to pay for a solicitor for her what can they do she as never hurt her son and he is a drug user andshe as seen him looking at little girls dressed as beauty queensand releaving himselfI am worried sick
flo - 5-Jul-14 @ 4:53 PM
Hi, i have a 4month old baby, i split from the father before i found out i was pregnant, we stayed amicable, then his mother got involved over DNA testing.. There was a huge falliut and i decided i didnt need the stress and hassle from them so went it alone.. After i gave birth his mother started hassling me again but i heard nothing from the father.. At about 5wks old out of guilt for my child i decided to let the mother see him.. Then the babys dad turned up.. So from then he started to get involved which i didnt mind.. Weeks later and my baby is 18wks old.. And they r demanding i let his dad take him for overnight stays, but i said no as i didnt feel ready, and was uncomfortable with the fact that really i hardly knew these people plus they live over an hour away... Once again his mother pokes her nose in and cause yet another huge bustup.. And now i have really had enough.. I made soo muvh effort and from now on refuse to. I have never pnce refused them acess to my son since they got reinvolved.. They r welcome to visit him at my home.. But if they decided to try and take me to court.. What would the situation be.. As its not like im refusing them to see my son? Thanks
Curlysue - 26-May-14 @ 12:19 AM
hi there,just wanted some advice..in the middle of a custody battle..my ex has the children at the moment after tricking me into giving them to him over night.i haven't seen my kids since aug last year! he didn't do anything for them whilst I was with him , but when I decided to leave him with the kids hes done all sorts of nasty things to me,..tricking me into giving him the kids,tricking me into signing the house and child benefit in his name,he is so good at manipulating me and other people he was physically and emotionally abusive to me during our 3 and half yr relationship.he moved me to another town controlled everything I did,stopped me from seeing friends and family in my town.he made me feel like I was going mental living with him,and I had bad health problems whilst living with him because i was so run down.He was 46 when I met him I was 20 years old . He smokes cannabis everyday and is very paranoid.has a criminal conviction for GBH and was imprisioned for 3 years for drug dealing! yet hes laughing and is seemingly getting away with everything and keeping the kids to hurt me..Im worried there not looked after properly if hes high he doesn't wake up from a deep sleep for ages or take them out..my daughter should be at nursery ive done background checks and she isn't at the nursery which she should be!!makes me angry!.im currently with my family in my hometown since july 2013., doing everything I can to get my kids back and to live with me . Friends and family have supported me all through this ,my mental health and physical health is much better since being away from him and having a non molestation order out on him as he constantly sent threatening texts to me and rang me up calling me names..he loves to play games and his family think hes a saint and im a psychotic cow that upped and left my kids! how wrong they are ,not one of them asked me what happened..even tho my ex has 3 other kids from other relationships they are 17,20 and 26!! one is older than me!even the social workers think hes mr wonderfull...my next court hearing is april 29th..and I was told if he again dosent show up a contact order could be made in his absence so I can see my kids...its just been a long hard battle and I miss my kids sooo much..what hope do I have in getting full residency..??
nai - 14-Apr-14 @ 1:31 PM
Hi,,I am desperate for advice on how to see and have contact with my two sons one is only three months old.I split up from there mother three weeks ago and she refuses to let me see them,she is hostile towards me. I have tried phoning and texting and have visited the address where they are but she won't let me see them..please advise me with the next step.jc
jc - 29-Mar-14 @ 10:47 AM
Hi, My wife and I have been separated since June 2013 (5 Months), we have 4 children. Since June she has refused to allow me free contact/access to the children. Please how could I arrange a legal and uninterrupted contact. Secondly, I will like to have full custody of 2 out of 4 of my children, to enable me share the full burdens and joy of fatherhood. Please I would like to know the criteria. Kind regards, James
James555 - 25-Nov-13 @ 10:00 PM
My partner is a non resident father living overseas. His ex wife is always asking for more money and has recently emailed to say that she is having a certifiable nervous breakdown and is being admitted to the hospital for care. She has given the childrens' father the ultimatum of either leaving his work and living in the childrens' home or putting them into care? Does the law allow for this, especially since the father has repeatedly asked her to consider sending the boys overseas for a time while she is attending to her health. Will child services accept the children into care, even though there is a willing and able parent, albeit living overseas, who has shared custody?
HB - 23-Oct-13 @ 9:40 PM
I split with the father of my child when I was 8 months pregnant.(He asked me to move out) He has tried to get me back several times and I don't want. My son, now 3 yrs old, (the dad made me have a DNA test as he did not believe the child was his.) The father has been to see him only a few times over the past 3 yrs. He wants access to be in my home but I wont have him coming here anymore because of his aggressive behavior. He now threatens me that he is going to take custody of my little one. I have never refused him access. but he sees the child maybe 2-3 times a year and this yr so far only once. He has never paid any maintenance.(I believe I will get £5. per wk as he is getting benefits) I have told him to use this money to come and see the child more often and try and build a relationship with the child. I don't know what to do. There don't seem to be enough space to write everything down. Thank you in advance.
Ruby - 20-Oct-13 @ 10:30 PM
hi there i split from my partner in 2000 its now 2013 and ive always paid child maintenance for my kids through an attachment of earnings, from 2009[2010 i was unemployed so the dwp was paying 6,50 a week for the maintenance since going back to work ive continued to pay csa through my wages ,they ve now told me i owe them 8500,03 where do they get this amount from ,ive always been in contacted with my kids they ve stayed over a few nights a week ,giving them 50 pound practically every week from the age of 11 always spent loads on them at birthdays and christmas,my youngest son who is now 17 which im still paying 132.02 a week for hes just finished school hes going to college, his mother has been with the same bloke for the last 7 years they are nowmarried ,they both work full timemy sons works with them in school hoildays, weekends ,i have 2 other yound children with somebody else why am i still paying this amount to my ex ?
paying parent - 2-Aug-13 @ 10:27 AM
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